Full-stack developers are multi-talented professionals that handle both the front-end and back-end development of a website. Full-stack developer jobs require creative design skills together with technical problem-solving experience.

Front-end development is concerned with the design, layout, and branding of the site and relies heavily on technologies like JavaScript, HTML, and CSS. Back-end developers work under-the-hood to ensure the site functions correctly. PHP, Python, and SQL are typical programming languages used for the back-end.

As full-stack developers are capable of working on all aspects of web development, they’re highly sought-after in the space. Top full-stack developer jobs offer above-average salaries and provide unrivaled career prospects.

If you’re an aspiring developer and want to kickstart your career, we've got a few tips on how to begin. We’ll look at structured full-stack developer bootcamps that are laser-focused on getting you hired. We’ll also provide a list of online resources to help you in your job search. If you’ve already landed an interview, continue reading to see our list of commonly asked questions.

How to Become a Full-Stack Developer

Here are some key points that’ll guide you through your journey of becoming a full-stack developer:

Learn Key Programming Languages: Any full-stack developer job will require proficiency in core web technologies. JavaScript, Python, and PHP are the most common programming languages used in the field. You don’t necessarily have to become an expert with all of these, but you should at least understand the basics. You’ll find as you learn one programming language, others become easier to pick up.

Master Front-End Principles: User experience (UX) and user interface (UI) design are key components of a solid front-end system. If users are unable to navigate around a site or struggle to find what they’re looking for, they’ll leave in a flash. Consistent branding, well-designed menus, and responsive layouts are fundamental to a site’s success. Full-stack developers use HTML5, JavaScript, jQuery, and CSS3 to provide a great user experience.

Understand Databases: As an aspiring full-stack developer, you should know how to interact with databases. MySQL, Oracle, MongoDB, and Redis are popular database technologies that you should be familiar with.

Develop Design Skills: Many developers come from a technical background and creative design doesn’t always come naturally. If you want to land a full-stack developer job you need to demonstrate artistic design skills. Browse the web and try to identify sites with good and bad designs. Take notes and develop your eye for detail. Which colors work well together? Which fonts are easier to read? Is the site navigation easy to use?

Get Certified: Full-stack developer certificates give you the opportunity to validate your skills through a respected and trusted organization. Certificates show prospective employers that you’re up to date with the latest coding languages or design trends. They also demonstrate you’re serious about the field and dedicated to a future in web development. This helps you stand out from the crowd and can significantly boost your chances of landing a full-stack developer job. Online education courses and bootcamps often provide students with certificates upon completion.

Build a Portfolio: When applying for a full-stack developer job, you’ll need an online portfolio to showcase your work. You can include past projects, freelance work, and study projects. Your portfolio is a great way to demonstrate your technical skills, design talents, and achievements. You can use online platforms like LinkedIn and GitHub, or even build yourself a personal website.

Improve Your Soft Skills: You’ll need more than just technical skills to work as a full-stack developer. Your employer will also be looking for soft skills. These are more general characteristics and include communication, teamwork, leadership, planning, time management, adaptability, critical thinking, curiosity, creativity, and problem-solving.

Example Interview Questions for Full-Stack Developers

It’s perfectly normal to feel nervous and anxious before an interview. It shows you care and you actually want the job. A great way to relax is to prepare. Study these full-stack developer questions and practice answering them over and over again. Chances are you’ll be asked similar questions in your interview:

  1. What are the success factors for continuous integration?  
  2. What’s Callback Hell?
  3. What tools would you use to test your code’s functionality?
  4. What’s referential transparency?
  5. How would you go about debugging code?
  6. What is pair-programming?
  7. Explain the difference between a blue/green deployment and a rolling deployment?
  8. What is multi-threading?
  9. Name a few ways in which you could optimize a website to enhance its scalability and efficiency.
  10. List some common ways to reduce the load time of a web application?
  11. What’s the biggest mistake you’ve ever made on a project? How did you rectify it?
  12. Explain the main difference between REST and GraphQL.
  13. Explain the purpose of clearing floats in CSS.
  14. Give us an example of a project you’ve worked on and the technologies you used. Why did you make these choices?
  15. Which language and tools would you use to develop a project from scratch?
  16. How would you deal with inefficient code from a colleague?
  17. Explain prototype inheritance in JavaScript.
  18. What's the difference between ES6 Map and WeakMap?
  19. How do you keep abreast of new developments and trends?
  20. What are the advantages and disadvantages of using "use strict"?  
  21. Which programming languages are you comfortable working with?
  22. Which programming language is most important for a full stack developer?
  23. What do you understand by data attributes, and why are they used?
  24. What do you know about normalization and denormalization?

Sometimes, your attitude is more important than the actual answer. You have to be clear, concise, positive, and confident. Your goal should be to prove that you’re a good fit for that particular position. You might not be perfect, but you must be job-ready and eager to learn.

Where to Find Full-Stack Developer Jobs

There are many online resources dedicated to helping users find jobs. Some job boards even specialize in developer-only positions. These can prove invaluable in the hunt for your dream full-stack developer job. Here’s a list of some of the top sites:

AngelList: This is a great platform for people looking for freelance work at start-ups. Aspiring full-stack developers that want to work in small teams and learn the nuances of the role can utilize the extensive job board.

Toptal: This is another popular platform for those seeking freelance developer jobs. It’s a talent matching service that connects employers from various fields with suitable candidates. It works well for both recruiters and candidates.

GitHub: This is one of the best developer-oriented platforms to start your search. Generic recruitment sites require you to spend time filtering through unsuitable roles. GitHub is dedicated to the developer community so provides a much faster and more efficient experience. Many tech companies value GitHub and post exclusive job openings here.

Jobbatical: This site is slightly different from the usual recruitment portal. Jobbatical is for developers who are ready to relocate for work. If you’re someone who values your dream job more than geographical and national boundaries, then Jobbatical is the perfect platform to start your job search.

Stack Overflow: This is another good platform for full-stack developers seeking jobs. It even gives candidates the opportunity to search for jobs based on conditions of visa sponsorship.

Authentic Jobs: Founded in 2005, this job platform allows companies to directly post job openings. They have a packed blog section which includes posts on improving your resume, writing cover letters, and how to decide between different job offers.

IT Job Pro: This is considered one of the largest IT job boards in the U.S. IT Job Pro has been thriving since 2010. With its headquarters in Houston, Texas, it showcases job opportunities across North America.

Smashing Magazine: This one is popular amongst tech companies. Aspiring full-stack developers can register on the site. If your skills match a job description, companies looking for developers will find you. Anything from full-time, part-time, and freelance opportunities are available.

Fast Track Your Way to Becoming A Full-Stack Developer

One of the best things about becoming a full-stack developer is the scope of the role. Each day can provide a new challenge, and require a completely new set of skills. The job is not only highly-paid but provides immense job satisfaction.

Enroll in our full-stack developer bootcamp to kickstart your dream career today. You’ll learn all the necessary skills to go from beginner to hired in less than a year. The program provides one-on-one mentoring to support you throughout the entire course and beyond.

If you’d like to read more head over to our blog section. We post regular articles on a range of different tech topics, including this post on the latest web development terms.

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