All computer software, mobile apps, and websites operate on code. In our current digital age, it’s hard to imagine a world without programming languages. The Internet itself wouldn’t exist without code.

It’s no surprise that talented coders are in high demand by companies large and small, in every industry. Coding offers excellent job security and above-average salaries. A career in coding can also be extremely satisfying. You have the opportunity to create software that can touch thousands of people and make their lives easier.

Now that we've got you motivated, time to get down to business. We pulled together a list of potential coding job titles, as well as some of our pro tips for getting hired. We’ll discuss the skills required for typical coding jobs and cover some study options you might be interested in.

Must-Have Coding Skills and Knowledge

Beginners looking to get started in coding must have strong problem-solving skills and the ability to visualize finished solutions. Abstract thinking is key and helps experienced coders produce software that meets the needs of the end-user. Intuitive logic is also required to debug errors and break-down problems in order to fix them.

Good writing and communication skills are needed to accurately convey the intended message. Coders must also have technical skills and knowledge of computer programming languages.

There are many languages available. Every coding language has different features each with its advantages and disadvantages. Among the wide range of programming languages available, a few of the popular ones include JavaScript, C++, C#, Objective C, PHP, SQL, Python, COBOL, and Perl.

Let’s look at some of the most common languages in more detail:

HTML (Hypertext Markup Language): HTML is the industry standard when it comes to coding web pages. It’s also used to format pictures, videos, and content online.

Java: Created by Sun Microsystems, Java is an object-oriented language used to create applications for computers. It’s also used for programming mobile and gaming apps for Android OS.

Python: Started by Guido Van Russom in 1991, Python uses simple English like syntax to script back-end actions for applications, user interfaces, and operating systems. Many big tech companies such as Google and YouTube use Python.

CSS (Cascading Styling sheets): CSS is a coding language developed by Jason Wium Lie. It’s used to define the style of a web page. Factors like page layout, margin size, colors, fonts and cursor shapes are set using CSS. It allows coders to create consistent website themes and responsive layouts.

C++: Developed by Bharne Stroustrup, C++ is a fast and efficient object-oriented language. Mozilla, Microsoft, and Amazon use C++ for speed-critical systems.

SQL (Structured Query Language): First launched by IBM researchers, SQL is a domain-specific coding language that’s used to handle information within a database. It’s extensively used in businesses to store, retrieve, and analyze all kinds of data.

PHP (Hypertext Processor): Developed by Rasmussen Lerdorf, PHP is a server-side coding language for web development. Some popular online platforms like WordPress, Facebook, and Yahoo are written in PHP.

Learning the above skills will open up a world of different career opportunities. You can take various directions to find your dream coding job. Here are some of the most popular coding roles:

1. Web Developer

2. Database Administrator

3. Software Application Developer

4. Computer Systems Analyst

5. Software Quality Assurance (QA) Engineer

6. Computer Programmer

7. Network System Administrator

Interview Tips for Coding Jobs

Coding interviews can be intimidating and may include several phases. From initial phone interviews, and remote coding exams, to whiteboard challenges and final onsite meetings.

The process is designed to test your skills, give you a chance to meet your future colleagues, and get a feel for your new work environment. Let’s go over some basic tips to help you succeed in your coding interview.

Brush Up on Key Coding Topics

Candidates are expected to be prepared for technology-specific questions in areas related to the following:

You may also be asked to determine space and time complexities and ways to optimize code within given constraints. You’ll also need to be well prepared for questions that involve the use of hash tables, OO design, and common algorithms.

Try a Mock Interview

Keep in mind that during an interview, you generally won’t have access to a compiler or an Integrated Development Environment (IDE). You must therefore practice writing clean, error-free code from scratch.

Write down potential questions, break them down into smaller parts, and then try solving them. Write pseudo code, then real code, and see if you can find any bugs by testing the code.

Take your time to fully understand the problem. Run your code through an IDE after you feel you have given your best answer and exhausted the solution on paper.

Courses for Coding Interviews

There are many resources available not only to help you learn to code, but also to help you get ready for the coding interview.

1. Interview Cake

What you’ll learn:

Price details: $149 for 3 weeks of access.

2. Algo Expert

What you’ll learn:

Price details: $99 for 1 year of access.

3. Coursera: Mastering Software Engineering Interviews

What you’ll learn:

Price details: $49 per month.

4. LinkedIn Learning: Get Ready For Your Coding Interview

What you’ll learn:

Price: $34.99 per month.

Books to Help You Prep

1. Daily Coding Problem: Getting exceptionally good at coding interview questions by solving problems one by one.

Price: $28.45

2. The Complete Software Developer's Career Guide

Price: $29.99

3. Surviving the Whiteboard Interview: A developer's guide to using soft skills to get hired

Price: $25.19

Phone Interview Tips

Phone interviews are becoming more and more popular in the coding space. The recruitment process will often start with either a voice or video call. This allows tech companies to get a good understanding of the coder, without investing a lot of time and effort into meeting face to face. Here are some tips for phone interviews:

Generally, the interviewer will ask you 1-2 coding questions within a 45-minute session. You might be asked to write code on a code sharing tool like Google docs. Phone interview questions are generally easier than more formal exams. Usually, system design is not covered and most of the coding questions are about data structures and algorithms.

Besides your hard skills and technical expertise, you should also be able to demonstrate your soft skills. For example, your passion for coding, enthusiasm to learn, and ability to communicate.

Land Your First Tech Job with a Coding Bootcamp

If you’re set on a future career in coding, enroll in our web developer bootcamp. You’ll learn key skills, and receive all the support you need in order to land a top coding job. Our mentors will guide you through the intensive online curriculum to help you achieve your goals. Schedule a call with our team and we’ll answer any questions you have.

To learn more about careers in coding, check out our software engineering blog. We cover a range of different topics to provide you with real insight into coding and software development.

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